Greece is well known worldwide for its long and rich history. The country of 11 million residents has been a cradle of civilisation and had a major cultural impact in three continents: Europe, Asia and Africa.
One of the country's main characteristics is the length of its coastline that stretches to 15.021 klm. This is mainly due to the ground morphology as well as the 1.500 islands that are part of the Hellenic Republic. Add to the latter, long periods of sunshine and a temperate Aegean climate and you get an ideal holiday destination that attracts millions of tourists annually from all over the world.
It is here that some of the first European civilizations flourished such as the Cycladic and Minoan civilizations while later on came the first Greek civilization, the Mycenae. The first democratic cities - states of ancient Greece flourished in all possible aspects. Greece became the birthplace of democracy, western philosophy and literature, political sciences, principal mathematics and sciences, theatre and the Olympic Games.
The legendary conquests of Alexander the Great , the roman period, the Byzantine Empire, the latter's fall to the Ottoman hands and the Greek revolution in 1821, the liberation of the nation, the selection of a monarch from the Allied Forces... are all but a small taste of this country's turbulent history.
The 20th century brought forth two World Wars, several civil wars and two military coups in 1936 and in 1967. The change-over period commenced in 1974 and in 1981 Greece became a member of the European Union. Since then, the country has been experiencing a radical economic development with investments in the industry, tourism and seafaring sector. In 2001 Greece has adopted euro as its official currency while in 2004 it has successfully hosted and organized the Olympic Games in Athens - the country's capital.
Greece today is a modern country that looks at what is to come with confidence and optimism.