Geography of Crete
Crete has an elongated shape - 260 km from east to west and 60 km at its widest, although the island is narrower at certain points, such as in the region close to Ierapetra where it has a width of only 12 km. It covers an area of 8,336 km² and has a coastline of 1046 km. To the north Crete borders with the Sea of Crete, to the south it is bordered by the Libyan Sea to the west the Myrtoon Sea, to the east the Karpathion Sea.
Crete is extremely mountainous and is defined by a high mountain range crossing it from West to East, formed by three different groups of mountains. These are:
- the White Mountains or Lefka Ori (2,452 m);
- the Idi range (Psiloritis - 2,456 m);
- the Dikti mountains (2,148 m);
These mountains gifted Crete with fertile plateaus like Lasithi, Omalos, Katharo and Nidha, caves like Diktaion and Idaion cave, and gorges like the famous Gorge of Samaria.